Nestled in the Orontes Valley, Apamea is an ancient city known for its expansive Roman ruins. The Great Colonnade, a mile-long stretch of columns flanked by a wide avenue, is a highlight of the site. Walking through this archaeological wonder, with remnants of ancient structures on either side, evokes a sense of awe and wonder.
Located in the rugged mountains of western Syria, Maaloula is a unique village that preserves the ancient Aramaic language, spoken by Jesus Christ. Its picturesque setting, with houses clinging to the cliffs, creates a stunning backdrop. Maaloula's monasteries, such as Mar Sarkis and Mar Takla, offer visitors a glimpse into the region's religious and cultural heritage.



Country Overview

Main city



185,180 km2


17.5 million

Main language



Geography and Tourist Attractions

Information about the country's tourist attractions, including popular destinations, events, and activities.

Mediterranean Coast

Syria's Mediterranean Coast captivates with its stunning shoreline, stretching for 193 kilometers. Latakia and Tartus, vibrant coastal cities, offer sandy beaches, historical landmarks, and delectable seafood. Visitors can immerse themselves in the Mediterranean ambiance, explore ancient ruins, and indulge in the coastal charm of these enchanting Syrian destinations.

The Dead Cities

The Dead Cities in northwest Syria are a haunting testament to the region's ancient past. These abandoned settlements, with over 700 well-preserved ruins, showcase the Roman and Byzantine civilizations. Walking among the stone houses, churches, and public buildings offers a fascinating glimpse into the rich history of the area, surrounded by scenic landscapes.

Desert Castles

Syria's Desert Castles, scattered across the eastern desert, transport visitors to the Umayyad period. These fortified palaces and caravanserais, such as Qasr Kharana and Qasr Amra, showcase the architectural brilliance of the Umayyad dynasty. Exploring their intricately decorated interiors and soaking in the desert vistas provides a captivating journey into history.


Economy and Government

Syria's economy has faced significant challenges in recent years due to the ongoing conflict and political instability. Prior to the crisis, the country's economy relied on agriculture, oil, industry, and services. Agriculture played a vital role, with crops such as wheat, barley, cotton, and olives being major contributors. The oil sector, once a significant source of revenue, experienced a sharp decline due to damage to infrastructure and international sanctions.

The conflict has had a severe impact on Syria's economy, leading to a contraction of GDP, high inflation, soaring unemployment rates, and a decline in living standards. The government has implemented measures such as price controls, subsidies, and rationing to mitigate the effects on the population.

Syria is a unitary dominant-party semi-presidential republic. The government is led by the President, who holds executive power, and the Ba'ath Party has maintained a dominant role in Syrian politics. However, the ongoing conflict has led to a fragmentation of power, with various factions controlling different parts of the country.

The government's ability to govern and provide services has been significantly hampered by the conflict, and the international community has been involved in various peace initiatives to find a resolution and support reconstruction efforts.


History and Culture

Syria, a land steeped in history and rich in culture, holds a prominent place in the annals of human civilization. Nestled in the heart of the Middle East, its geographical location has made it a cradle of ancient civilizations. From the ancient city of Palmyra, renowned for its architectural marvels, to the historical significance of Aleppo's imposing citadel, Syria's past is a tapestry of diverse influences.

Throughout history, Syria has witnessed the rise and fall of great empires, including the Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman. Its cultural heritage is a testament to this legacy, blending elements of Arab, Persian, Greek, and Turkish traditions. The country's art, music, and literature reflect this multicultural fusion, celebrating a shared heritage while embracing unique local identities.

However, Syria's recent history has been marred by conflict, causing immense devastation to its cultural heritage. Priceless archaeological sites have been damaged, and ancient artifacts have been lost. Nevertheless, efforts are underway to preserve and restore these treasures, symbolizing the resilience and determination of the Syrian people.

Syria's history and culture remain resilient, with its people carrying on age-old traditions and forging a path toward a brighter future. As peace and stability gradually return, the world eagerly awaits the revival and preservation of Syria's rich historical and cultural legacy, ensuring its enduring significance for generations to come.


Four Seasons Hotel Damascus

Situated in the heart of Syria's capital city, Four Seasons Hotel Damascus is a luxurious retreat offering exceptional comfort and impeccable service. With its stunning views of the city and beautifully designed rooms and suites, the hotel provides a perfect blend of elegance and modernity. Guests can indulge in exquisite dining options, relax in the spa, or enjoy the outdoor pool amidst lush gardens. The hotel's prime location allows easy access to the city's historical sites and cultural attractions.

Beit Al Mamlouka

Located in the enchanting Old City of Damascus, Beit Al Mamlouka is a boutique hotel housed in a meticulously restored 17th-century Damascene mansion. The hotel exudes charm and authenticity, with its traditional architecture, intricate artwork, and warm hospitality. Each room is uniquely decorated, showcasing the region's rich cultural heritage. Guests can savor delectable Syrian cuisine, unwind in the serene courtyard, or explore the nearby iconic landmarks, such as the Umayyad Mosque and the vibrant Souq Al-Hamidiyya.

Dedeman Palmyra

Nestled in the ancient city of Palmyra, Dedeman Palmyra offers a memorable stay amidst a backdrop of archaeological wonders. The hotel boasts comfortable rooms with modern amenities and breathtaking views of the surrounding desert landscape. Guests can take a dip in the outdoor pool, dine at the rooftop restaurant overlooking the majestic ruins, or embark on guided tours to explore the historical sites of Palmyra, including the magnificent Temple of Bel and the Roman theater. Dedeman Palmyra provides a unique opportunity to immerse oneself in the captivating history and natural beauty of this UNESCO World Heritage site.


Naranj Restaurant (Damascus)

Naranj is a renowned restaurant in Damascus, celebrated for its authentic Syrian cuisine and warm ambience. Located in the heart of the city, the restaurant offers a menu that highlights traditional flavors and culinary techniques. From mouthwatering mezzes to succulent kebabs and aromatic stews, Naranj serves up a delightful gastronomic experience. The charming courtyard setting and attentive service add to the overall dining pleasure, making it a must-visit for both locals and tourists.

Beit Jabri (Aleppo)

Beit Jabri is a culinary gem nestled in the historic city of Aleppo. With a focus on preserving Aleppo's culinary heritage, the restaurant serves a range of traditional dishes prepared with locally sourced ingredients. From the famous Aleppo kebab to delectable stuffed vegetables and aromatic soups, Beit Jabri offers an authentic taste of the region's cuisine. The restaurant's elegant setting, adorned with traditional décor, creates a memorable dining experience that captures the essence of Aleppo's rich culinary traditions.

Kan Zaman (Palmyra)

Located near the ancient ruins of Palmyra, Kan Zaman provides a unique dining experience in a setting reminiscent of an old Syrian village. The restaurant combines traditional Syrian cuisine with an enchanting atmosphere, featuring cozy seating areas and traditional live music. The menu showcases a variety of regional specialties, including grilled meats, fragrant rice dishes, and flavorful salads. Kan Zaman's idyllic location and cultural ambiance make it a favorite among visitors seeking an authentic Syrian dining experience.
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